Call for Papers   
   Other Events   
   Authors Guidline   
   Visa/ Registration   
   Accepted Papers   
   News/News Update   
   Site Map   

    فارسی     Español     日本語     Русский     العربية
    Français     Deutsch     中文     New Language

21st Irrigation & Drainage Congress  
 / Call for Papers

21st International Congress on Irrigation and Drainage

Tehran, Iran, October 15-23, 2011 



Congress theme: 

Water Productivity towards Food Security

In the last century, the world population has tripled. It is expected to rise from the present 6.5 billion to 8.9 billion by 2050.  Water use has been growing at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century, and, although there is no global water scarcity as such, an increasing number of regions are chronically short of water. By 2025, 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world population could be under conditions of water stress. The situation will be exacerbated as rapidly growing urban areas place heavy pressure on local water and land resources.

In most countries, the agriculture sector is the predominant consumer of water. In many cases, irrigated agriculture has played a major role in the development of rural economies, supporting economic growth and poverty reduction.

Although enough food is being produced to feed the world’s population, there are still some 850 million undernourished/hungry people in the world. With nearly the same water and land resources base, we shall have to grow enough food to additionally feed about 2 billion people. Considering the increased demand resulting from expected increase in the standard of living, we need to double the level of food production. Securing our food supply is not negotiable. We all need safe and good-quality food in order to live a healthy life.

However, increasing water productivity holds the key to future water scarcity and food security challenges. There is scope for an accelerated increase in water productivity. Water productivity in agriculture has increased steadily in the recent decades, largely owing to increasing crop yields, and the potential exists for further increase. However, the pace of such increase will vary according to the type of policies and investments, with substantial variations in the impact on the environment and livelihoods of rural populations.

21st ICID congress shall provide an opportunity to exchange updated knowledge and researches on Irrigation, Drainage and Flood Control that contribute to enhanced food production with less water, and better protection from uncontrolled flooding.    



Question 56: Water and Land Productivity Challenges

Today, agriculture consumes 70 percent of all global water withdrawn for consumptive use, up to 95 percent in several arid and semi-arid countries. Increasing the efficiency of soil and water use and enhancing agricultural land and water productivity at all levels of the production chains are becoming priorities in a rapidly growing number of countries. A systematic approach to agricultural land and water productivity requires actions at all levels, bottom to up, crops to irrigation schemes, and national to international economic systems, including the trade in agricultural products. It calls for an informed discussion on the scope for improved land and water productivity in order to ameliorate intersectional competition for water resources and optimize environmental, social and economic outcomes.

No doubt, irrigation should play a greater role to meet the food demand of the 3rd millennium by focusing on land and water productivity, while preserving rural employment. Researchers are invited to submit their papers on the following sub-topics:


56-1: Water and Land Productivity; Concepts, Indices and Targets

Developing of Water and Land Productivity Concept and Indices; Water and Land Productivity Framework; Approaches to Water and Land Productivity Improvement; Impact of Climate Change on Water and Land Productivity Trend; Strategies to Systemically Improvement Productivity; Planning to Enhancement of Water and Land Productivity; Role of Various Inputs towards Water and Land Productivity; Measuring of Productivity Indices; Productivity Analyzing Methods; Monitoring and Evaluation; Performance Assessment Frameworks; Adverse Impacts of Water Productivity Increase.

56-2: Innovations and Technologies and best practice for sustaining and/ or increasing Water and Land Productivity

Water-Saving Technologies; Innovations on Increasing Water and Land Productivity; Innovations on Soil Fertility Improvement; Effect of Water Pricing Policy on Water Productivity; Techniques on Irrigation Methods Improving; Technology to Improve Water Productivity in Greenhouse Farming; Developing Local Technologies; Adapting Technology According to Farmers Knowledge; Integrating Indigenous Knowledge with Modern Development; Reinvent Irrigation Techniques; Nanotechnology and Bio-Technologies on Irrigated Agriculture; Application Information Technology (IT) in Irrigation and Drainage; Controlling Pest and other Damages through Sustainable Land Management by a whole of Catchments or Region Approach; Agri-business Food Chain Approach to Improve Productivity.

56-3: Productivity of Low Quality Waters for Irrigation Uses

Sustainable Use of Low Quality Water for Irrigation  Purposes; Technology for Managing LQW in Irrigation; Measurements of Water Quality; Impact of Low Water Quality on Crop Production; Guides and Principles; Policy Frameworks on Use of Low Quality Water; Monitoring and Management of Water Quality; Classification of Low Water Quality; Managing Using Saline Groundwater and Surface Fresh Water; Adaptation of Crops to Low Quality and Brackish Water; Socio- economical and Environmental Impacts of Using  Low Quality Water for Irrigation.

56-4:  Improving Crop Water Productivity under Stressed Environment

Soil – Water Management under Water Stress Condition; Deficit Irrigation; Evapo-Transpiration Management; Soil Moisture Retention Techniques; Genetically Modified Crops for Stress Environment; Agronomic Enhancement to Cope with Stress Environment; Improving Soil Fertility Management to Control Land Degradation. 

56-5: Irrigation and Drainage Management Improvement

Training and Education;  Capacity Building on Irrigation and Drainage; Operation and Maintenance of Irrigation Systems; Performance Assessment of Irrigation and Drainage; Decision Support System; Benchmarking of Irrigation and Drainage Systems; Rehabilitation and Modernization of Irrigation and Drainage Systems; Organizational/Institutional Reforms; Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM); Irrigation Management Transfer (IMT); Comprehensive Research on Irrigation and Drainage Management; Strengthening Accountability for Irrigation  Service Delivery; Better Water and land Management.


Question 57: Water Management in Rainfed Agriculture

Sixty Percent of world harvested crops is coming from rainfed agriculture covering 1.2 billion hectares of land. There are also six billion hectares of natural grass land and pastures which are contributing to human food chain. In spite of such a vast rainfed area available to the human utilization its contribution to the global food security is limited. No proportional efforts have been put forward by governments, international agencies and concerned NGOs to enhance the benefit of such natural resources. Little development has been contemplated to the traditional dry farming in past decades, particularly in developing countries. The productivity of rainfall, so called green water, in these regions is relatively low and there are considerable rooms for improvement, through rainfall management, agro-technical and agro-business innovation, investment in infrastructures and technology accompanied by biotechnology enhancement to introduce appropriate varieties of crops.

57-1: Drainage and Flood Management in Rainfed Farming

Spate Irrigation; Drainage Management in Rainfed Agriculture; Bio Drainage in Water Logged Area; Flood Spreading Management to Increase Soil Moisture Storage; Controlled Flooding and the Role and Importance of Flood Plane Management in Food Production; Calamity Polders (as Part of Flood Management).

57-2: Water Harvesting and Conservation

Low-Cost Water Storage; Micro Catchments Water Harvesting Systems; Hillside Runoff and Conduit Systems; Floodwater Harvesting and Stream Diversion; Water Harvesting Techniques; Identification of Unconventional Water Resources; Appropriate Technology to Utilize Unconventional Water Resources; Suitable Technology to Utilize Fog; On-Farm Storage of Water Harvested their Design;  Management and Economic Viability; Impact of Water Harvesting on Stream Flow and  the Environment; Reduction of Water Losses from On-Farm Storage; Application of Mono-layers to Suppress Evaporation Losses.

57-3: Supplementary Irrigation

Appropriate Scheduling for Supplementary Irrigation; Economical Consideration of Supplementary Irrigation; Promote Efficient Pre-Irrigation Techniques; Cropping Strategies to Mitigate Water Scarcity Effects; Small Scale Irrigation Systems such as Promoted in South Africa for Small Enterprises; Drought Planning; Optimal Storage Seize.

57-4: Rainfed Farm Management

Separate Policy for Water Resource in Rainfed Areas; Water and Soil Conservation Methods; Research Strategies for Soil Moisture Potentials Enhancement; Improvements in Rainfed Crop Yields; Policy Reform and Infrastructure Investment in Rainfed Areas; Improvement in Rainfall Effectiveness; Applications of Super-absorbers in Rainfed Farming; Modern Technology to Improve the Soil Moisture Holding Capacity including Super-absorbers and Polymers; Biotechnological Methods to Increase Crops Productivity; On-Farm storage; Business Models for Successful Rainfed Agriculture.


Call for Papers

Download (PDF, 185 KB)


Key dates: 



Submission of comprehensive “summary and conclusions”  (500-600 words)

15 January 2011 (Extended)

Receipt of full text of accepted papers

01 March 2011